Compression wear became all the rage starting in 2010, and with good reason. It has been shown through scientific research that compression of muscles in certain areas does in fact lead to improved sports performance, and in another application, compression is known to facilitate post workout recovery. The thing is, this knowledge isn't new at all – Dupont was the first company to do research in this area, and they created Lycra sportswear specifically for athletes knowing that muscle compression results in less energy wasted, by controlling muscles from jiggling around. Well, that's not the scientific term, but you get the idea. In fact, Dupont manufactured compression shorts which were worn under bicycling shorts in order to stabilize the quads, hamstrings, and glut muscles during cycling back in the mid-80s. You may recall that in the Olympic Games in the late 80s and leading into the 90s, athletes for the first time were seen at track and field events as well as events like luge and bobsled wearing skintight clothing. Yes, it looked sleek, and there were aerodynamic benefits, but the real science going on was muscular compression for enhanced athletic performance. One of the most popular pieces of compression clothing is calf sleeves, which are worn from just above the ankle to just below the knee. Though, some versions have hooks that go under the heel. Runners have created a fad wearing these, believing that they run with less exertion and with less chance of developing an injury by wearing this compression wear. However, much research has been done on that specific item, and the results are inconclusive. At Hawaii Ironman, the triathlon world championships, fully 30% of all entrants were wearing calf sleeves in a recent competition. Now, compression of the torso and upper leg region has been proven to be beneficial for long-distance cycling. As well, the benefits of compression wear for recovery has been proven, so wearing proper fitting compression clothing after hard workouts or on airplane flights has real benefits to your body. Compression wear is remarkably expensive, so be prepared for sticker shock. There are even companies out there which will ask you to send in multiple leg measurements and will then create custom tapered compression leggings, using specific gradation of compression in the material in key areas based on your exact body measurements. If nothing else, consider using compression wear for post workout recovery, since there seems to be the strongest consensus in the scientific and sports community about that application.